Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae that produces edible leaves and flowers. Their close relatives include the common onions, garlic, shallot, leek, scallion, and Chinese onion.


Health benefits

Vegetables are excellent sources of healthful nutrients. Chives contain a range of beneficial nutrients that may offer some health benefits, including anticancer effects.

Research has linked vegetable-rich diets with a reduced risk of many types of cancer. Some research has specifically suggested that allium vegetables, including chives, could have anticancer effects.

Sleep and mood
Chives contain a small amount of choline. Choline is an important nutrient that helps maintain the structure of cellular membranes. Choline also helps with mood, memory, muscle control, and other brain and nervous system functions.

Other health benefits
Research has also linked chives and other allium vegetables with the following benefits for health:

  • A source of vitamin K
    Chives contain vitamin K, which is important for bone health and blood clotting. Other sources of vitamin K include leafy green vegetables, vegetable oils, and fruits including blueberries and figs.
  • A source of folate
    Chives also contain folate. According to the ODS, this water-soluble B vitamin plays a role in conditions such as:

    • dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease
    • cancer
    • congenital heart defects
    • cognitive function
    • cardiovascular disease and stroke
    • depression
    • preterm birth

Eye health
Chives also contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which are carotenoids. According to some research Trusted Source, lutein and zeaxanthin accumulate in the retina of the eye to help prevent age-related macular degeneration. This means that eating foods rich in these substances could benefit eyesight.